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184                                       FLORA   INDICA.
toeotmb of the flora of their summits is, however, a deside-
The vegetation of the plain of t!Le Carnatic has been in-
vestigated by so many persons, that it is now thoroughly
well known. The earliest peninsular botanists were the Danish
missionaries, who originally settled at Trauquebur ; and most
of the collectors who have visited the peninsula have tra-
versed the Curnatic en route to the interior. It is therefore1!
uiincccssaj^r to enumerate the names of all those who have
botanized there.
The province of Mysore is bounded on tho north by the
Dekhan, oa& the west by the mountain axis of the peninsula,
and ou the cast and south by the low country of the Ciir-
natte. It is usually described as a table-laud enclosed be-
tween the western and eastern Ghats; a form of expression
which has doubtless originated in the fact that a considerable
rise is made in entering the province from cither side.
The Western Ghats, as we have already fully explained,
form a chain extending in a direction parallel to the west-
ern ocean; and Mysore, which occupies the eastern and more
gentle slope of these mountains, contains tho upper part of
the basins of the Cavery, Penar, and Tungratmdra river*, all
of which, discharge their waters into the Bay of .Bengal.
Through the centre of this elevated tract; nearly in the
parallel of Mangalor and Madras, is situated the watershed
which separates the first of these riv.ers from the two latter.
This is not an elevated ridge, but a rounded .and often scarcely
perceptible swelling, usually undulating very gently, but rising
at intervals into rugged masses often more than a thousand
feet above its mean elevation. The highest summits in My-
sore (except in the district of Nagar) are situated on this
line, and are north-east and north of Bangalor, where several
peaks rise to 4000 feet, and one to 500 feet. To the north
of this range the elevation is less considerable, but the ap-